Diabetes, or diabetes mellitus, is a group of metabolic disorders in which a person has high blood glucose (blood sugar) levels due to the body’s inability to sufficiently produce and/or properly use insulin. Insulin is required to help the body use sugars as an energy source. High blood glucose levels in the blood can cause increased thirst and hunger as well as frequent urination. There are two main types of diabetes – Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is often referred to as juvenile diabetes, and is the result of the body’s inability to produce insulin. This type of diabetes is an autoimmune disorder that destroys the beta cells in the pancreas destroying its ability to produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes requires the person to inject themselves with insulin or wear an insulin pump. It was originally believed that type 1 diabetes was only developed in childhood, but it has been found that a person can be diagnosed at any age.
Type 2 diabetes is a much more common disorder and affects 9 out of 10 people who are suffering from diabetes mellitus. Generally those with type 2 diabetes produce more insulin than their body actually needs; however, they have developed a resistance to the insulin produced and do not use it as efficiently as their bodies should. The causes of type 2 diabetes include old age, poor diet, lack of exercise, and obesity.
A healthy diet and regular exercise are key factors in preventing the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, as well as allowing the type 1 and 2 diabetic to lead a functional life. Diet and exercise together can help your body improve the use of insulin, control your weight, lower blood pressure, improve blood circulation, reduce stress, and promote relaxation.
It is important to have healthy eating habits that fill all the nutritional requirements to manage diabetes. There are many cookbooks and recipes available that are designed to cook specifically for the diabetic. These recipes will assist in reducing the sugar content in meals, as well as give you the ability to control the fats, starches, and carbohydrates that you are consuming. Weight loss should be one of the main goals in your diet, and a balanced diet needs to be followed to decrease blood sugar levels as well.
Yoga and aerobics are just couple of the types of exercises that can help to prevent and manage the symptoms of diabetes mellitus. Aerobic exercise can range from taking a walk to running on the treadmill at the gym. Yoga uses various poses to stimulate the pancreas, aiding in insulin production. Both yoga and aerobics assist in reducing blood sugar in the body, which can aid in the prevention of type 2 diabetes, and are necessary for maintaining a healthy lifestyle with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Any type of exercise is beneficial when fighting diabetes, because obesity is one factor preventing the development of type 2 diabetes.