Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. It is also known as heart disease, and refers to any disease that affects the cardiovascular system, generally involving the heart and blood vessels.
There are a number of medications that your physician can prescribe if you are experiencing any of the systems of cardiovascular disease such as hypertension/high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Preventing cardiovascular disease can also be done without medication by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Most physicians recommend getting the proper amount of exercise to strengthen your heart, along with a diet that is low in cholesterol and high in fiber.
Physicians have a long list of heart-health tips that you can follow to increase your life span. If you believe that you have any heart-health issues, you should speak to your doctor about ways to improve your quality of living. Below are some examples of heart-healthy tips that you may be given if you and/or your physician have concerns about your heart health.
- Quit smoking. This is likely the most important thing a person can do to live longer. Every cigarette you do not smoke increases your life span.
- Regular exercise is very important to your heart health. Cardio exercise is a great way to keep your heart healthy. It gives your body and heart a workout, and also can help to reduce stress and depression. You should try to work in at least 30 minutes of physical activity into your life with a daily frequency.
- Ensure you are practicing healthy eating by reducing cholesterol and fat content in your meals, reducing sodium consumption and adding lots of fiber, fresh fruits, and vegetables to your diet. It is important to eat the right foods to help you control your blood pressure, blood sugars, cholesterol, and weight. You should try to avoid packaged foods as much as possible as these tend to have very high sodium content. Also, cooking at home allows you to control your portion sizes, salt content, and fat/cholesterol intake.
- You also need to watch your stress levels. Stress will elevate your blood pressure, which can put you at a higher risk of heart attack or stroke. There are many activities that you can do that can help reduce stress including yoga, sewing, knitting, and exercise.
Putting all of the above heart-healthy tips together can greatly decrease your risk of developing cardiovascular disease, and can improve your heart health if you have already been diagnosed with a form of heart disease.