Aerobic exercise, also known as cardio, is a relatively low-intensity physical exercise. It uses oxygen to meet energy demands during an aerobic workout. Aerobic exercise can help lead a longer and healthier lifestyle. Aerobic exercise can also improve one’s mood through the release of endorphins, increase stamina to reduce fatigue, and can boost the immune system to ward off such things as colds and flus. It can also reduce the risk of obesity, heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and high blood pressure. All cardiovascular exercise also helps to manage chronic health conditions such as hypertension and diabetes by lowering blood pressure and blood sugars, and it can help to prevent subsequent heart attacks for people who have already suffered from one.
There is wide range of aerobic equipment that can be used either in a gym or from home. The types of equipment include exercise bikes, rowing machines, treadmills, stair steppers, the elliptical, lateral bars, and spinning bikes.
Exercise bikes resemble a real bicycle; however, they remain stationary for exercise purposes rather than transportation. Bikes are used to increase physical fitness, but have been known to be used in physical therapy as they offer a low-impact, safe, and effective cardiovascular workout. They do not involve the same sporadic motions that some equipment may involve, and they are relatively stress-free on joints. The exercise bike is an ideal piece of equipment for starting off a weight loss regimen. It will also assist in improving heart and lung function.
Rowing machines are an excellent way to condition both the upper and lower body muscles through cardiovascular exercise. There is a relatively low risk of injury in using equipment due to the rowing machine being a low-impact device. Rowing assists in increasing muscular endurance, enhancing respiratory function, improving core strength and heart function, as well as reducing bone density loss.
Treadmills are used to walk or run in place. They are relatively easy pieces of equipment to use in which users can control speed, incline, and the time spent using them. Treadmills assist in increasing bone density, which decreases the risk of developing osteoporosis. As with all aerobic exercise, they can also assist in improving mood and emotional well-being. They are often used in medical testing through connection to ECG, blood pressure monitors, or EMG for cardiopulmonary stress testing.
The stair steppers assist in toning lower body muscles without placing excess strain on joints. Through the use of a stair stepper, users can reduce the amount of joint and back pain they have by strengthening muscles. Using a stair stepper is an excellent cardiovascular workout, which helps boost moods and general sense of well-being. It is one of the higher calorie-burning aerobic machines that can be used, which is ideal for weight management.