Different pieces of buoyancy equipment are necessary for stability, safety and targeting muscle groups while undergoing therapy in a pool. Aquatic exercises are most effective when buoyancy equipment is used to isolate muscles and provide extra resistance. Many people with health conditions that affect strength and range of motion can rebuild muscles and functionality with this gear. There are several common types of buoyancy equipment in use today.


Buoyancy belts fit around the waist or torso and provide added stability while in the water. The belts come in a variety of configurations that are designed to compensate for different body types. The belts can keep a person in an upright position while performing aquatic exercises. They also make it unnecessary to move arms and legs to stay afloat in deeper water. Buoyancy belts are necessary for certain activities like aquajogging. They help to isolate muscles while exercising in the water.


Buoyancy cuffs are often worn on the ankles when performing advanced aquatic exercises in deep or shallow water. The cuffs add to the buoyancy of the legs. This forces a person to use more core and abdominal muscles in order to perform simple exercises. This is largely because there is a slight imbalance caused by the cuffs on the ankles. Cuffs can also be worn on the wrist or ankles in shallow water to add more resistance during simple exercises.

Buoyant Dumbbells

Buoyant dumbbells have foam or another material on each end that floats in the water. The dumbbells are used to build upper body strength. The dumbbells are pressed or moved under the water to provide resistance that develops muscles. They are a good low-impact strength-building option for people with health conditions that restrict movement or weaken bones. Buoyant dumbbells are often used along with ankle cuffs to create a challenging aquatic workout.


Buoyancy boards are wide pieces of flat foam used to provide stability or resistance while performing exercises. The boards can be used during therapy in a pool as a stable anchor when working the legs and lower body. They can be used under the water for sitting exercises. The boards provide a large amount of resistance that makes them a good option for intense strength training. Some people lie on the boards to keep the body floating while swimming laps or performing kicking exercises.


People who have health conditions like rheumatoid arthritis or osteoporosis can use buoyant balls to develop strength in the hands and arms. The balls come in a range of sizes although most are small. The ball can be held in the hand and moved underwater. They can also be used with both hands in order to work abdominal muscles.


A noodle is a long flexible cylinder of buoyant foam used for therapy in the water. The noodle is a versatile piece of equipment. It can be used for stability while aquajogging. It can be dragged under the water for extra resistance. They can be distributed around a pool for extra safety and support during an exercise class. Noodles are multipurpose pieces of buoyancy equipment.