Cancer is the general name for a vast number of medical conditions involving uncontrolled and dangerous cell-growth-forming tumors. The causes for cancer are diverse, complex, and only partially understood. Some forms of cancer are caused by genetic factors, while others are associated with environmental factors. If you have developed cancer, your oncologist will be able to provide you a great deal of info on cancer specific to the type you have.

Many cancers could be prevented by not smoking tobacco, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising, eating more fruits and vegetables, and limiting sunlight exposure. Following these guidelines cannot guarantee you will not get any form of cancer, though. As noted, some forms of cancer are thought to be genetic, and not much can be done to prevent these.

Treatments for cancer can range from chemotherapy to surgical removal of the tumor that has formed. Treatment depends on the stage of cancer being dealt with, as well as the positioning of the tumor, and discussions between patients and oncologists on the needs and desires of the patient.

Studies have shown that being overweight after completing cancer treatment is associated with short survival times and a greater chance of recurrence, thereby making exercise and nutrition important for the recovery process. Eating well is an important part of healthy living and in reducing your risk of developing cancer. You should always eat at least two and a half cups of vegetables per day, choose whole grains instead of refined grains, limit your intake of processed and red meats, and be sure to try to avoid high-calorie meals and sugar-sweetened beverages.

Keeping active will help to improve your physical abilities, lower your risk of heart disease and developing diabetes, reduce fatigue, control your weight, improve your self-esteem, and help to prevent you from becoming depressed. There are many benefits to staying active while dealing with cancer, but each exercise program should be based on what is safe for the patient and what works for them. Whether you exercised before starting your cancer treatment or are just getting started, it is important to consult your oncologist to ensure it is safe for your condition and meeting your needs.

Some of the physical activities that can be beneficial for cancer patients include flexibility and stretching exercises, which are important to maintain mobility and keep moving. Aerobic exercises such as walking, jogging, and swimming help to burn calories and reduce your weight. Often when going through cancer treatment, there can be a loss of muscle mass, so resistance training, including weight lifting, can be a great way to keep active after treatment.